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energy centres

The word chakra is Sanskrit for wheel or disk and we refer to the chakras as energy centres. They act as receivers, transformers and distributors for the various forms of prana, which they take up from the nadis. According to yogic anatomy, there are over 1000 chakras in the subtle body. Of these seven are primary. These are located in the astral spine from its base up to the crown of the head. 


Each has a colour, a shape and a mantra. They relate to levels of consciousness, archetypal elements, development stages of life, colours, sounds, body functions and much more. These chakras are located in the region of the body’s major glands, and is associated with this gland. In addition, each of these centres relates to a major nerve ganglia branching from the spinal column.


Yoga allows an increased amount of prana to flow. If energy is flowing freely, then the chakras can ‘spin’ more easily and the faster the chakras can spin, the higher our consciousness. The chakras can become unbalanced at any time. They are not fixed. They can change moment to moment so it’s a constant balancing act, day in and day out. An imbalance in any chakra will affect the entire system. The chakras get out of balance through injury, a difficult emotional experience, a profound shock or putting too much emphasis on any one part of your life at the expense of another. An imbalance, results in the chakra either under functioning or over functioning. 


To keep (or bring) our chakras into balance we can incorporate the needs of all seven chakras into our everyday life. Not only will this be emotionally, physically and spiritually healing, but you will find that your life transforms as you come into balance. 


Through yoga we can use the physical processes and techniques, which balance the body’s chemistry, through the glands and so by a matrix effect, influence the associated chakra. Alternatively we can meditate on the chakras in the subtle body and thereby bring harmony to the physical organism. 

BASE | Muladhara Chakra 

SACRAL | Svadhishthana chakra 

SOLAR PLEXUS | Manipura chakra 

HEART | Anahata chakra 

THROAT | Vishuddhi chakra 

THIRD EYE | Ajna chakra 

CROWN | Sahasrara chakra 



Contact with nature. |  Work and earning a living. | Time with family and friends, chilling out, having fun.  | Health, diet and exercise. | Spirituality and meditation. | Being creative and expressing yourself. |Personal growth and expanding your knowledge. | Helping others and voluntary work.

Life audit





  • Signs you are in balance:

The first chakra has to do with family, ancestors, and a sense of being ground. When this chakra is balanced, you feel supported, a sense of connection and safety to the physical world, and grounded.

  • Signs of Physical Imbalance:

Physical imbalances in the root chakra include problems in the legs, feet, rectum, tailbone, immune system, male reproductive parts and prostrate gland. Those with imbalances here are also likely to experience issues of degenerative arthritis, knee pain, sciatica, eating disorders, and constipation.

  • Signs of emotional imbalance:

If your energy is imbalanced here, you may experience money issues and general financial instability. Moving homes often. If you move from one home to another, typically staying less than two years. The degree to which you move is related to how weak your root is. Have trouble being consistent and staying in routines. You are not very connected to your family. You feel like the “black sheep” or an outsider, or your family is dispersed and not very cohesive. You have a lot of general anxiety and you usually wake up with it.




  • Signs you are in balance:

This chakra governs your ability to relate to other people and the world around you. When this chakra is balanced, we have an ability to take risks, we are creative, we are committed. We are passionate, sexual and outgoing.

  • Signs of Physical Imbalance:

Experiences of imbalance within the second chakra include; sexual and reproductive issues, urinary problems, kidney dysfunctions, hip, pelvic and low back pain.

  • Signs of Emotional Imbalance:

When sacral energy flow is blocked, you can become unemotional and experience uncertainty, insecurity, and an inability to cope with life’s changes. You will have issues with commitment, expressing emotion and creativity, and problems embracing desires, pleasure and sexuality.




  • Signs you are in balance:

We experience self acceptance, when this chakra is balanced, we feel self-respect and self-compassion. We feel in control, assertive, confident.

  • Signs of Physical Imbalance:

Digestive problems, ulcers, liver problems, gallstones, pancreas disorders such as diabetes or hypoglycaemia.

  • Signs of emotional imbalance:

You see yourself as powerless, you have lots of different ways of shaming yourself and frequently feel embarrassed by imagining what other people think about you. You see the future as full of danger and you also see change as a threat, so you play it safe and try to protect what you think you have. You are highly goal oriented and get your sense of meaning and purpose by your list of accomplishments. If you are not accomplishing something bigger and better, you feel like a failure. You are generally highly stressed and often comment to others how stressed and busy you are as a badge of honour. You experience, issues of personal power and self-esteem, our inner critic comes out. Fears of rejection, criticism, physical appearances.




  • Signs You Are In Balance:

When this chakra is balanced we feel joy, gratitude, love and compassion, forgiveness flows freely, trust is gained.

  • Signs of Physical Imbalance:

Corresponds not only to the heart but your lungs, thymus gland, and your cardiac plexus. Signs of imbalance may include; asthma, heart disease, lung disease, issues with breasts, lymphatic systems, upper back and shoulder problems, arm and wrist pain.

  • Signs of emotional imbalance:

Emotional imbalances include issues of the heart; over-loving to the point of suffocation, jealousy, abandonment, anger, bitterness. Fear of loneliness. Feelings of shyness and loneliness. If you have an inability to forgive or a tendency to lack empathy, then you may be leading with your head more often than your heart. An overpowering chakra can include feelings of codependency, and looking outward for acceptance or fulfilment. Intense jealousy or harsh judgment of others is also a red flag.




  • Signs You Are In Balance:

When this chakra is balanced, we have free flowing of words, expression, communication. We are honest and truthful yet firm. We are good listeners.

  • Signs of Physical Imbalance:

Physical imbalances include thyroid issues, sore throats, laryngitis, ear infections, ulcers, any facial problems (chin, cheek, lips, tongue problems) neck and shoulder pain.

  • Signs of emotional imbalance:

A blocked throat chakra can significantly impact your ability to communicate effectively for fear of ridicule and judgement. A throat chakra blockage can also manifest as the inability to express and realise your truth in the world. You may find yourself unable to speak your truth when you need it the most, or holding back on expressing your needs and desires. Perhaps, you long for realising your dreams and living with a strong and clear purpose. You may experience, emotional imbalances include issues of self-expression through communication, both spoken or written. Fear of no power or choice. No willpower or being out of control.




  • Signs You Are In Balance:

When this chakra is balanced we feel clear, focused, and can determine between truth and illusion. We are open to receiving wisdom and insight. An open and strong sixth chakra will enable you to spend most of your time in relaxed flow mode and to tap into inner wisdom and intuition which is really guidance from your own soul.

  • Signs of Physical Imbalance:

Signs of imbalance include, frequent headaches, upper/frontal sinus conditions, neurological disorders, disorders of the eyes or ears, disorders of the outer brain.

  • Signs of emotional imbalance:

A closed or blocked sixth chakra will keep you stuck in analytical, busy, churn mode, which is exhausting and stressful. You spend much of your day in analytical, churn mode, trying to figure everything out and getting frustrated when you can’t.  You are often highly attached to things turning out the way you want them to or think they should, so life is experienced as a constant emotional roller coaster. You feel up when things seem to be going your way and down when they don’t. Emotional imbalances include issues with moodiness, volatility, and self-reflection; An inability to look at ones own fears, and to learn from others. Day-dream often and live in a world with exaggerated imagination.





  • Signs You Are In Balance

The crown chakra deals with your connection to the divine within you and all around you, and it is weakened by all forms of earthly attachments. We live in the present moment. We have an unshakeable trust in our inner guidance.

  • Signs of Physical Imbalance:

Physical imbalance include depression, inability to learn, sensitivity to light, sound, environment.

  • Signs of emotional imbalance:

You feel disconnected to the divine in you and around you. You only believe what you can sense with your five physical senses to be real. You have a condescending  skepticism towards the spiritual and metaphysical. You have an “everyone for themselves” attitude toward life. You see everything and everyone as separate and distinct from you; You have a strong attachment to possessions and relationships, and define yourself by what you have and who you are in a relationship with. By attachment I mean that your sense of purpose and well being is attached to your property and your relationships with others.




The human body has an amazingly complex array of systems, including the circulatory, digestive, and muscular systems, and each has important functions. In order to operate properly, all of the systems in the body must work together. This means that the body can regulate itself and that the many organs that make up these systems can communicate with one another.


The endocrine system consists of a group of organs called endocrine glands, which are located in various parts of the body. Endocrine glands release chemical messengers called hormones that travel through the blood. Because hormones take time to travel through the circulatory system, a response by the endocrine system takes longer than one by the nervous system, which responds immediately. However, hormones can travel everywhere in the body. For this reason, hormones control those responses that are generalised and longer lasting. These responses include growth, reproduction, metabolic rate, blood glucose levels, and salt and water balance. 


Although the nervous and endocrine systems are generally discussed separately, it is helpful to think of them as different aspects of a single control system. Often the two systems can produce the same response, and they may even utilise the same chemicals. Neither system functions without the other.


For example, both systems produce the chemical adrenaline. When a person is startled or frightened, certain nerve cells release adrenaline, which sends information to internal organs. In the nervous system, adrenaline serves as a neurotransmitter, a chemical that stimulates activity in adjacent neurons. As a result of stimulation by adrenaline, the heart rate increases, the brain becomes alert, blood flow to internal organs decreases, and more blood is sent to the muscles. This response, known as the fight-or-flight response, prepares the body for danger. The neurons have only a small amount of adrenaline present at any given moment, and it is quickly depleted. This small amount is helpful for an instant response. The body, however, cannot maintain this aroused state for more than a few minutes on the neurons’ supply of adrenaline. Each cell must produce more of the neurotransmitter before it can once again send a signal to the organ. After a minute or two of fight-or-flight response, the adrenal glands, the endocrine glands located on top of the kidneys, begin to release adrenaline. The adrenal glands can produce adrenaline continuously for days at a time. It is important to remember that the nervous system perceived the stress and sent the message to the adrenal glands in the first place.

Traditionally the chakra system is considered quite distinct from the glandular system: chakras are found in the subtle body (the pranamaya kosha), while the endocrine system is definitely part of the physical body (the annamaya kosha.) 


While they are not the same thing, some teachers have drawn correlations. Gil Hedley (anatomist), draws between the energy levels purported to surround the chakras and the energies that stimulate various glands. Yogis have taught that the highest chakra vibrates with the highest frequency: the lower chakras vibrate with lower frequencies. There is a correlation within our bodies as well. 


We exist in vast fields of energy: wifi, light from the sun and artificial sources, sound from stereos, phones, our voices, pressure from gravity … There are many sources and types of energy that come in and through our bodies. Our bodies react to these energies, sometimes  they're nourishing and sometimes harmful. 


The 7th chakra, is not part of the physical body at all, so there is no associated glands to affect. The models of the chakras suggest that this level is associated with the highest possible frequencies of energy: so high that they do not exist in the physical realm at all.


6 : PITUITARY GLAND & PINEAL GLAND Inside our skulls we have a couple of glands that react to light: the pituitary gland (situated right behind the eyes) and the pineal gland, deeper embedded in the brain. These glands have many functions, but one is to help us wake up in the morning light. Light penetrates through the front of the skull stimulating these glands – here we have the 6th chakra – the “command centre.” Light, of course, vibrates a very high frequency – billions of cycles per second (one cycle per second is called a hertz.)


5 : THYROID & PARATHYROID GLANDS In our throat we have other glands: the thyroid and parathyroid glands, which help to regulate our metabolism, among other functions. There is a powerful energy source nearby – our vocal chords. Every time we talk, and especially as we sing and chant “Ommmm”, we are vibrating these glands, strengthening and nourishing them. Sound is energy, but its frequency is on the order of thousands of cycles per second, far lower than visible light’s energy. This 5th chakra has a lower frequency than the 6th.


4 : THYMUS Going lower, to the 4th chakra, the thymus gland is located here – just beneath the breastbone. The thymus is important for our immune system: Killer T cells are matured here and taught to recognise cells that are us and foreign bodies that are not us. Right beneath our thymus is a powerful source of energy: the heart. Once a second (a frequency of about 1 hertz), the heart beats and each heartbeat creates a pressure wave that massages the thymus. It is located where it is for a very good reason: it responds to this frequency. If you are feeling under the weather, or know someone near to you who is, heart-tapping may be a very effective way to stimulate the immune system.


3 : PANCREAS the source of insulin. It too is nourished with a certain form of energy. We are now at the 3rd chakra. Right above the pancreas is the diaphragm and it too moves: every breath we take causes the diaphragm to compress and release the pancreas. On average we breath 20 times a minute, for a frequency of pressure on the pancreas of 1/3rd of a hertz.


2 : REPRODUCTIVE GLANDS Lower still, we come to the 2nd chakra. Here we find the reproductive glands. Here also we find a source of energy: body movement. When we dance, especially slow, tribal, sensual dancing, we stimulate these glands, and we notice the effect quite happily. Slow undulating movements are at very low frequencies: when we are seductive, we are slow.


1 : Finally, we arrive at the 1st chakra, the root. Movement here is the slowest – we use our anus but once a day. Is the anus a gland? Not by Western definitions. Maybe our analogy begins to break down as we reach the grossest level, but we can ask – is the anus important? Try to live with out a proper functioning anus and all your other glands will be very unhappy.





The hypothalamus is located near the center of the brain, above the brainstem and below the cerebrum


Its primary function is to maintain homeostasis, acting as the body’s thermostat. The nervous system and endocrine system are truly integrated structurally and functionally in the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus receives chemical and nervous input about sight, sound, taste, smell, temperature, blood glucose concentrations, and balance of salt and water. It also helps control hunger and thirst, as well as mating and sexual behaviour. The hypothalamus provides nervous input to functions such as the regulation of heart rate, blood pressure, and contractions of the urinary bladder.


The hypothalamus controls the pituitary gland, which is attached to the underside of the brain by a slender stalk. In the past, the pituitary has been called the “master gland” because it controls many other endocrine glands. Hormones from the pituitary regulate the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, and the reproductive organs. Pituitary hormones control growth and kidney function, and are involved in childbirth and milk production.




The pineal gland, a structure about the size of a pea, is located slightly above and behind the hypothalamus. It receives information via the thalamus from the eyes about light and dark cycles. It is involved in rhythmic behaviour, such as sleep cycles. The pineal gland secretes the hormone melatonin. 


Many people believe that the body produces less melatonin as it ages and that this is one of the causes of aging. Some people use over-the-counter preparations of melatonin to fight jetlag and insomnia because it helps adjust the body’s sleep-wake cycle. Scientists are fairly certain that melatonin levels are involved in seasonal affective disorder (SaD)




The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped structure located in front of the trachea (windpipe), between the larynx and the notch at the top of the rib cage. 


The thyroid secretes thyroid hormone who’s action is to increase metabolic rate. A person with low levels of thyroid hormone tends to feel cold, be lethargic, and gain weight easily. Thyroid hormone also plays a critical role in growth and development.  It lowers blood calcium levels by acting on bones and kidneys. Calcium is removed from the blood and stored in the bones. The kidneys reduce the amount of calcium that is returned to the blood and allow more to be excreted in the urine. 


The parathyroid glands are four small tissue masses attached to the back of the thyroid. They secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH raises blood calcium levels by stimulating its release from bone and stimulating its uptake by the kidneys and intestines.




The thymus, located in the chest region, is involved in many aspects of immunity, including the production of chemicals that stimulate and regulate the immune response.



The pancreas, located beneath the stomach, is attached to the small intestine by the pancreatic duct through which digestive enzymes are released. Insulin and glucagon, work to control blood glucose levels. Insulin is unique in that it is the only hormone that lowers blood glucose levels. Glucagon raises blood glucose levels, allowing us to maintain a nearly constant concentration of glucose in our blood in between meals.



The adrenal glands sit above the kidneys. They secrete four groups of steroids, known as corticosteroids: oestrogen's (female sex hormones), androgens (male sex hormones), glucocorticoids, and mineralocorticoids. Released during times of stress, glucocorticoids raise blood glucose levels, decrease inflammation, and delay healing. Mineralocorticoids work on the kidneys to increase sodium and water reabsorption.




The ovaries and the testes, produce eggs and sperm and sex hormones. In females, the ovaries produce eggs and oestrogen's, the primary hormones that maintain the female reproductive tract and produce female secondary sexual characteristics. The ovaries also produce progesterone, the hormone released during pregnancy that helps the uterus maintain the pregnancy. In males, the testes produce sperm and androgens (male hormones). The primary male sex hormone is testosterone.




The two kidneys are located at the back of the abdominal cavity, just below the rib cage. The kidneys remove water-soluble wastes from the blood and regulate the osmotic balance of the body. They also help regulate blood pressure. When body tissues are exposed to low levels of oxygen, the kidneys convert a plasma protein to erythropoietin, or EPO. This hormone stimulates the red bone marrow located in the ends of the long bones to produce more red blood cells (erythrocytes). Because red blood cells carry oxygen, this increases the amount of oxygen delivered to the tissues, which, in turn, lowers the level of erythropoietin, which then slows red blood cell production.



The human heart has four chambers. The two upper chambers, called the atria, receive blood returning from the lungs and body tissues. When the blood volume increases, cells in the right atrium release a protein called atrial natriuretic factor (aNF), or atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). This hormone causes blood vessels to dilate and the kidneys to produce more urine, resulting in lower blood pressure and reduced blood volume through the excretion of more water.

Endocrine System
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